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M-2

M-2 High Speed Tool Steel

M-2 is a high speed tungsten-molybdenum tool steel. The carbides are small and evenly distributed. It has high wear resistance. After heat treatment, its hardness is the same as T-1, but its bending strength can reach 4700 Mpa, and its toughness and thermoplasticity are higher than T-1 by 50%. It is usually used to manufacture a variety of tools, such as drill bits, taps and reamers. Its decarbonization sensitivity is a little bit high.

Analysis:


C

CO

CR

MN

MO

NI

P

S

SI

V

W
0.78 – 1.053.75 – 4.500.15 – 0.404.50 – 5.500.30 Max.0.03 Max.0.03 Max.0.20 – 0.451.75 – 2.205.50 – 6.75

Size Availability:

Flats • Hollowbar • Metric • Non-Standard • Rounds • Squares • Standard

Applications:

Blanking DiesBoring ToolsBroaches
Center DrillsGear CuttersLamination Dies
Lathe ToolsMandrelsMilling Cutters
Planer ToolsPunchesReamers
Router BitsShear BladesTaps
Thread ChasersTwist DrillsWood Knives

Designations:

AISI M2 High Speed Steel-US
AFNOR 06-05-04-02-France
DIN 1.3343-Germany
UNI KU-Italy
JIS SKH9-Japan
SS 2722-Sweden
B.S. BM 2-United Kingdom
ASTM A600-US
FED QQ-T-590-US
SAE J437-US
SAE J438-US
UNS T11302-US

TreatmentTemperature RangeCooling/QuenchingNotes
Forging1975-2075° FSlow.Do not forge below 1700° F. Anneal after forging.
Annealing1550-1600° FCool slowly at a rate of 35° F per hour to 1000° FFor best results, insulating media is desirable. Hold at temperature for 2 hours.
Stress Relieving1100-1300° FCool slowlyStress relieve after rough machining
Preheating1500-1550° FPreheat time in furnace is ¾ Hr. per inch of thickness. Heating up to temperature as slow as possible.
Hardening2225-2275° F (furnace)

2200-2225° F (salt bath)

Quench in air or warm oil. To minimize quenching strains, quench in salt at 1000° FFor maximum wear resistance, harden at 2275° F. For maximum toughness and high hardness, harden at 2200° F.
Tempering(See Chart)Double tempering is required. The usual tempering time is 2+2 hours. Recommended temperature is 1000-1075° F.
Data is typical and should not be construed as actual values for any category.
Applications and technical information require engineers and tool designers to exercise independent judgement.

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